Archive for the 'Baby Care [Perawatan Bayi]' Category

20
Mar
09

Diare Pada Anak, Bagaimana Menanganinya?

Berawal dari Edelweiss yang kena muntah2 udah ampir seminggu ini, maka saya mau share aja bacaan yang saya dapet dari idai ini, yang ngebantu saya dalam tetap berpikir rasional dan sudah saya terapkan dalam hal berusaha menjaga supaya Edelweiss tidak terkena dehidrasi. Guideline ini sangat bagus untuk para orang tua supaya tidak panik dan tetap berkepala dingin dan rasional. Selamat membaca..

— oOo —

DIARE merupakan salah satu penyakit paling sering menyerang anak di seluruh dunia, termasuk Indonesia. Diperkirakan, anak berumur dibawah lima tahun mengalami 203 episode diare per tahunnya dan empat juta anak meninggal di seluruh dunia akibat diare dan malnutrisi. Kematian akibat diare umumnya disebabkan dehidrasi (kehilangan cairan). Lebih kurang 10% episode diare disertai dehidrasi akibat kehilangan cairan dan elektrolit tubuh secara berlebihan. Bayi dan anak kecil lebih mudah mengalami dehidrasi dibanding anak yang lebih besar.

Karena itu, penanganan awal sangat penting pada anak dengan diare adalah mencegah dan mengatasi keadaan dehidrasi. Pemberian cairan pengganti (cairan rehidrasi) baik yang diberikan secara oral (diminumkan) maupun parenteral (melalui infus) telah berhasil menurunkan angka kematian akibat dehidrasi pada ribuan anak yang menderita diare. Continue reading ‘Diare Pada Anak, Bagaimana Menanganinya?’

13
Mar
09

Demam pada Anak

Artikel mengenai demam pada bayi/anak ini saya ambil dari file milis sehat, dikarenakan ternyata, masih banyak orang tua yang belum mengerti tentang apa itu demam, mengapa bisa terjadi, dan cara penanganannya (hal ini terjadi pada teman sekantor saya yang notabene berpendidikan tinggi loh). Maka dari itu saya share saja artikel ini di sini, semoga semakin membantu banyak orang tua saat putra/putrinya sedang terkena demam dan tidak langsung panik menduga ini menduga itu.. happy reading 🙂

Continue reading ‘Demam pada Anak’

10
Nov
08

Bila Anak Terkena Campak

Hati-hati bila anak demam dibarengi munculnya bercak merah di sekitar tubuh. Jangan dianggap enteng, Bu. Hari itu, di rumah keluarga Ibu Niken terjadi kepanikan. Pasalnya, kulit Nandia (13 bulan) berbercak merah, bahkan seperti menghitam. “Memang, beberapa hari ini dia panas tinggi. Tapi, saya pikir dia demam biasa saja,” ujar Ibu Niken dengan rasa bersalah.

Ternyata, dari pemeriksaan dokter menunjukkan bahwa Nandia terkena campak. “Hal itu bisa saja terjadi. Memang adakalanya penyakit campak tak terlihat karena campaknya belum keluar,” ujar DR.Sri Rezeki H.
Hadinegoro, Dr. Sp.A(K), dari RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo. Apa yang dialami Ibu Niken kerap juga dialami ibu-ibu lain. Mari kita mengenal campak lebih jauh, agar tak langsung panik saat menghadapinya. Continue reading ‘Bila Anak Terkena Campak’

28
Oct
08

Bolehkah Makanan Bayi Diberi Perasa?

Bolehkah Makanan Bayi Diberi Perasa?
Oleh: dr Handrawan Nadesul
____________ _________ _________ _________ _
Makanan bayi tentu saja tidak boleh disamakan dengan makanan orang dewasa. Selain saluran pencernaan bayi belum siap menerima segala jenis menu orang dewasa, susunan gigi-geligi, dan sejumlah organ
yang terkait dengan pengolahan (metabolisme) makanan yang dikonsumsi belum tentu sudah cukup matang untuk menerimanya. Termasuk segala jenis perasa dalam makanan. Masih bolehkah bayi menerimanya?

KALAU ditanya apakah boleh, jawabannya tentu saja sebaiknya tidak.
Lebih baik tidak menambahkan segala sesuatu sehingga menambah beban tubuh bayi, selain kemungkinan tidak menyehatkan.

Beban memikul asupan garam dapur (NaCl) yang melebihi kemampuan ginjal bayi yang belum kuat memikulnya. Fungsi ginjal bayi belum cukup matang untuk menyisihkan kelebihan mineral dalam garam dapur. Maka segala jenis menu dengan kandungan garam dapur, apalagi yang berlebihan, sebaiknya dijauhkan dari menu harian bayi. Continue reading ‘Bolehkah Makanan Bayi Diberi Perasa?’

06
Aug
08

How to raise a happy baby and child (birth to 12mo) – 3rd

Allow them to be sad or mad

When your baby gets older, you can encourage her to label her feelings and express them verbally. Even before she can talk, you can show her pictures of faces and ask her which one is feeling the same way she is. Young children will pick up very quickly on “affect” words such as “happy” or “angry.” When they can put words to their emotions, they gain a whole new capacity to recognize and regulate their feelings.

However, Masia-Warner warns, you shouldn’t overreact to your child’s negative feelings. “It’s normal for kids to become oversensitive or clingy or nervous at times because of something in their environment, but it’s not unhappiness.”

You’ll find this is especially important as your child grows. When your child pouts in a corner during a birthday party, your natural reaction may be to push her to join in the fun. But it’s important to allow her to be unhappy. Hallowell is concerned that “some parents worry any time their children suffer a little rejection, they don’t get invited to the birthday party, or they cry because they didn’t get what they wanted.” Continue reading ‘How to raise a happy baby and child (birth to 12mo) – 3rd’

06
Aug
08

How to raise a happy baby and child (birth to 12mo) – 2nd

Make room for fun

Although a colorful crib mobile and her first taste of applesauce may bring a smile to your baby’s face, what makes your baby happiest is much simpler: you. And that’s the first key to creating a happy child says Hallowell. “Connect with your baby, play with her,” he advises. “If you’re having fun with your baby, she’s having fun. If you create what I call a ‘connected childhood,’ that is by far the best step to guarantee your child will be happy.”

Play creates joy, but play is also how your child will develop skills essential to future happiness. As she gets older, unstructured play will allow her to discover what she loves to do — build villages with blocks, make “potions” out of kitchen ingredients, paint elaborate watercolors — which can point her toward a career that will seem like a lifetime of play. Play doesn’t mean music class, organized sports, and other structured, “enriching” activities. Play is when children invent, create, and daydream.

Help them develop their talents

Hallowell’s prescription for creating lifelong happiness includes a surprising twist: Happy people are often those who have mastered a skill. For example, when your baby figures out how to get the spoon into his mouth or takes those first shaky steps by himself, he learns from his mistakes, he learns persistence and discipline, and then he experiences the joy of succeeding due to his own efforts.

He also reaps the reward of gaining recognition from others for his accomplishment. Most important, he discovers he has some control over his life: If he tries to do something, he can eventually do it. Research shows that this feeling of control through mastery is an important factor in determining adult happiness. Continue reading ‘How to raise a happy baby and child (birth to 12mo) – 2nd’

06
Aug
08

How to raise a happy baby and child (birth to 12mo) – 1st

Like any parent who wants the best for her children, Trish Bragg has done everything she can to make sure Isabel, Charlie, and Madeline are healthy, have plenty of stimulating activities to fill their day, and are loved unconditionally. Yet, like many, she struggles with parenting’s million-dollar question: Are my kids happy? “Among all my friends, that’s what we want to know,” Bragg says.

What makes children happy may surprise you. Child development experts who study the subject say that happiness isn’t something you can give a child like a prettily wrapped present. In fact, says Edward Hallowell, psychiatrist and author of The Childhood Roots of Adult Happiness, over-indulged children — whether showered with toys or shielded from emotional discomfort — are more likely to grow into teenagers who are bored, cynical, and joyless. “The best predictors of happiness are internal, not external,” says Hallowell, who stresses the importance of helping kids develop a set of inner tools they can rely on throughout life. Continue reading ‘How to raise a happy baby and child (birth to 12mo) – 1st’




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